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Human Spaceflight - Cumulative crew radiation exposure


The accumulated dose inside a human phantom as measured
by the MTR-2B Mathroshka experiment inside the International
Space Station from 18 October 2007 until 18 March 2009.


The service “Human Spaceflight: Cumulative crew radiation exposure” aims to provide an estimate of the past radiation dose accumulated by a person in space. Radiation environments considered include Earth’s radiation belts, galactic cosmic rays, and solar energetic particles. This service is made possible by maintaining accurate records of local area radiation fluxes combined with spacecraft and human phantom shielding geometry models and onboard passive or active dosimeter data (e.g. thermoluminescent dosimeters [TLDs], tissue equivalent proportional counters [TEPCs]). The service is intended for personnel involved in providing Post Event Analysis with the reconstruction of the space particle radiation environment at a given time and location to allow the accurate evaluation of doses inside human bodies.

This service is implemented through a combination of products and tools which can be found through the following tabs along with expert support provided by the teams constituting the ESA Space Weather Service Network. Should you require further guidance in the use of this service, or have specific questions about any aspects of the service presented here, don’t hesitate to contact the Helpdesk.

A number of models and in-orbit sensor datasets are provided with the help of products and tools such as:

  • the RadSpace products providing information on the radiation environment and accumulated dose in human phantoms at ISS resulting from dedicated measurement campaigns;
  • measurements and derived data products from the Energetic Particle Telescope (EPT) on PROBA-V;
  • measurements and derived data products from the Standard Radiation Environment Monitors (SREM) on Proba-1, Integral, Rosetta, Herschel and Planck;
  • the Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS) coupling several empirical and engineering models of the space environment and its effects on spacecraft or components based on a mission plan;
  • the Solar Energetic Particle Environment Modelling application (SEPEM) allowing solar energetic particle statistical analyses on an extended set of cross-calibrated data;
  • the Solar Influences Data analysis Center (SIDC) Solarmap allows the user to display solar features (such as sunspots, coronal holes, filaments, etc.) on the solar disc, and navigate back and forth in time;
  • the Space Weather Data Browsing and Analysis (SWE Data) is a web application that provides access to space weather environment data.

This service page is curated by the ESC Space Radiation. For further information, please contact SSCC Helpdesk.


An astronaut on a spacewalk outside the ISS (© ESA)

Particle radiation is considered the main hazard for human spaceflight, specifically when considering a potential return trip to the Moon or interplanetary travel in general. However, even at Low Earth Orbit (LEO) like the International Space Station, particle radiation poses a risk. Information is thus needed to evaluate the possible health effects of space particle radiation on humans on short-and long-term space missions. This includes space environment data (e.g. particle radiation, solar X-ray and UV observations) and dose measurements.

The RadSpace products provide information on the radiation environment at the International Space Station (ISS) which can be harmful to the health of the ISS crewmembers. The data from the DOSIS and DOSIS 3D projects map the radiation environment inside the Columbus Laboratory based on passive and active radiation detectors. The results from the three MATROSHKA campaigns provide the depth dose distribution inside an anthropomorphic phantom using passive dosimeters.

Energetic particle flux measurements (electrons, protons and helium) from the Energetic Particle Telescope (EPT) on board PROBA-V at LEO can be accessed from the Products tab. A number of other particle radiation measurements are available through the Space Environment Data System (SEDAT) as well. Note that the particle fluxes need to be properly propagated through the Earth's magnetosphere if the user is interested in knowing the flux at a different altitude other than where the measurements were taken.

Measurements and detection of solar flares and coronal mass ejections are provided by the Solar Influences Data Analysis Center (SIDC) and the Kanzelhöhe Observatory (KSO). Archives of geomagnetic indices are available from the Tromsø Geophysical Observatory (TGO), the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) and SEDAT. A large set of measurements can also be accessed through the Space Weather Data Browsing and Analysis (SWE Data) web interface.

In order to study the specific radiation environment near and inside a spacecraft, a tool such as the Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS) could be used. This tool allows the execution of a set of space environment models based on a mission scenario (mission duration, typical spacecraft trajectories and spacecraft attitude) and to evaluate impacts and risks by propagating the results into engineering models. The tool includes graphical visualisation and an extended help with background information and references to the European standards. For a more comprehensive analysis of the space environment effects, the SPENVIS output could be exported to more specific applications, such as GRAS (Geant4 Radiation Analysis for Space) or SPIS (Spacecraft Plasma Interaction Software), that are taking into account the detailed geometry of the spacecraft.

For further information, please contact SSCC Helpdesk

Solar Activity: Data Archives

Solar Flares
  • FLARECAST Solar flare forecast
  • UGraz/KSO Solar flare detection archive
  • UGraz/KSO Halpha light curves archive
  • A-EFFort Solar flare forecast
  • SIDC Solar flare forecast archive
CMEs
  • SIDC/CACTus Automated near-real-time CME detection
Coronal Holes
  • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Archive
  • Maps of thermal properties of the corona
  • SIDC Solarmap
  • SIDC Automated coronal hole detection archive
Solar Disc Magnetic Fields
  • Maps of electric currents in Active Region
International Sunspot number
  • SIDC/SILSO International sunspot number
  • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
     AMDA
  • R - sunspot number archive
     SGIArv
10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)
  • SIDC 10.7cm Solar radio flux (F10.7) forecast archive
  • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
     AMDA
  • F10.7 archive
     SGIArv
Solar EUV Index (S10.7)
Solar EUV Index (E10.7)
    Solar FUV Index (M10.7)
    Solar X-ray & UV Index (Y10.7)
    Ionospheric Index (IG12)
    • Ionospheric IG index archive
       SGIArv
    EUV Images of Sun
    • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Archive
    • Maps of thermal properties of the corona
    • Proba2/SWAP Level 0 quicklook image archive
    • Proba2/SWAP Media level image archive
    • SIDC Solarmap
    • SDO/AIA Solar EUV image archive
    White Light Solar Imaging
    • UGraz/KSO White light Solar images archive
    • INAF/OACT White light Solar images archive
    • SIDC/USET White light Solar images archive
    Soft X-ray Images of the Sun
      Solar EUV Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
      • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Archive
      Solar Coronagraphic Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
        White-light wide-angle Coronagraph Images
          Solar X-ray Flux
          • UGraz/KSO Halpha light curves archive
          • Proba2/LYRA Rescaled data archive
          • GOES/SEM X-Ray Sensor datasets on SEDAT
             SEDAT
          Solar EUV Integrated Flux
          • Proba2/LYRA Data archive
          • Proba2/LYRA Rescaled data archive
          Solar UV Flux

          Solar Activity: (Near-) Real-time Measurements

          Solar Disc Magnetic Fields
          • Maps of electric currents in Active Region
          10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)

            Solar Activity: Models and Reconstruction

            Solar Flares
              CMEs
                Coronal Holes
                • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Nowcast
                • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Forecast
                • Maps of thermal properties of the corona
                Solar Disc Magnetic Fields
                • Maps of electric currents in Active Region
                International Sunspot number
                • SIDC/SILSO International sunspot number
                • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                   AMDA
                10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)
                • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                   AMDA
                Solar EUV Index (S10.7)
                  Solar EUV Index (E10.7)
                    Solar FUV Index (M10.7)
                      Solar X-ray & UV Index (Y10.7)
                        Ionospheric Index (IG12)
                          EUV Images of Sun
                            White Light Solar Imaging
                              Soft X-ray Images of the Sun
                                Solar EUV Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
                                • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Nowcast
                                • Synchronous synoptic maps of the solar corona in the UV and extreme-UV - Forecast
                                Solar Coronagraphic Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
                                  White-light wide-angle Coronagraph Images
                                    Solar X-ray Flux
                                      Solar EUV Integrated Flux
                                        Solar UV Flux

                                          Interplanetary Medium at L1: Data Archives

                                          High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Herschel/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Planck/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • HESPERIA RELeASE
                                          • HESPERIA UMASEP-500
                                          • Herschel/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          • Planck/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • ACE/SIS dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw ACE/SIS data in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          1-10 MeV Protons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Raw ACE/SEPICA data in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw ACE/SEPICA data in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw ACE/SEPICA data in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          2-50 MeV Solar Electrons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF)
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • IMF - Interplanetary magnetic field archive
                                             SGIArv
                                          Solar Wind Bulk Velocity
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [WSA-Enlil]
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [ESWF]
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [STA+CH]
                                          • Archive - Enhanced 24 hour solar wind forecast [AWR_NXT]
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          Solar Wind Bulk Density
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [WSA-Enlil]
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA

                                          Interplanetary Medium at L1: Models and Reconstruction

                                          High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                          • Statistical long-term plasma products - L1 p>10MeV
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                          • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                          • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                          • Very high-energy solar energetic proton fluence
                                          • Very high-energy solar energetic proton peak flux
                                          • Solar very high-energy particle event catalogue
                                          High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                          • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                          • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                          1-10 MeV Protons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                          1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                          0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          2-50 MeV Solar Electrons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF)
                                          • Statistical long-term plasma products - IMF Bx
                                          • Statistical long-term plasma products - IMF By
                                          • Statistical long-term plasma products - IMF Bz
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          Solar Wind Bulk Velocity
                                          • Statistical long-term plasma products - Solar Wind Speed
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          Solar Wind Bulk Density
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA

                                          Interplanetary Medium Outside L1: Data Archives

                                          Solar Energetic Particle Events
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • HELIOS-A and HELIOS-B E6 and E7 datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Rosetta/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Raw HELIOS1 and Helios2 E6 and E7 data in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Rosetta/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          Interplanetary Medium Data
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Mars [WSA-Enlil]
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Mercury [WSA-Enlil]
                                          • Archive - Solar wind model for Venus [WSA-Enlil]
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • AMPTE-UKS dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • HELIOS-A and HELIOS-B E6 and E7 datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT

                                          Interplanetary Medium Outside L1: Models and Reconstruction

                                          Solar Energetic Particle Events
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          Interplanetary Medium Data
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Solar wind propagation tool

                                          Magnetospheric Environment: Data Archives

                                          Geomagnetic Storm Condition
                                          • 3-hourly K index: Lerwick, Eskdalemuir, Hartland
                                             BGS
                                          • 3-hourly aa index
                                             BGS
                                          • 3-hourly Kp index
                                             BGS
                                          • 3-hourly ap index
                                             BGS
                                          • Daily Aa index
                                             BGS
                                          • Daily Ap index
                                             BGS
                                          • Swarm Polar Electrojet (PEJ)
                                             SUA G
                                          • Swarm Field-Aligned Current (FAC)
                                             SUA G
                                          Geomagnetic Indices Kp and K
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Kp, K, Ap, A, Dst archives on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Kp - planetary three-hour magnetic index archive
                                             SGIArv
                                          • 3-hourly K index: Lerwick, Eskdalemuir, Hartland
                                             BGS
                                          • 3-hourly Kp index
                                             BGS
                                          • 3-hourly K(GBI) index
                                             BGS
                                          • K-index from magnetometer stations in north Europe
                                             DTU K
                                          • Most recent definitive Kp index
                                             GFZ
                                          • Kp and Ap index archive
                                             GFZ
                                          • Hp60 and ap60 index archive
                                          • Hp30 and ap30 index archive
                                          • SIDC 3-day K Dourbes forecast archive
                                          Geomagnetic Index Ap and A
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Kp, K, Ap, A, Dst archives on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Ap - planetary daily magnetic index archive
                                             SGIArv
                                          • 3-hourly aa index
                                             BGS
                                          • 3-hourly ap index
                                             BGS
                                          • Daily Aa index
                                             BGS
                                          • Daily Ap index
                                             BGS
                                          • Kp and Ap index archive
                                             GFZ
                                          • Hp60 and ap60 index archive
                                          • Hp30 and ap30 index archive
                                          Geomagnetic Index Dst
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • Kp, K, Ap, A, Dst archives on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Dst - Disturbance storm time index archive
                                             SGIArv
                                          High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Proton flux spectra time series
                                             EPT
                                          • PROBA-V/EPT High-latitude/polar proton flux survey
                                             EPT
                                          • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • UARS/PEM-HEPS dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • PROBA-1/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Integral/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • MIR/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • STRV1B/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • XMM/ERMD dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • SEPEM Reference proton data set
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned GOES/SEM proton channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME proton channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned IMP8/GME proton channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • HESPERIA UMASEP-500
                                          • PROBA-1/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          • Integral/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Helium flux spectra time series
                                             EPT
                                          • PROBA-V/EPT High-latitude/polar helium flux survey
                                             EPT
                                          • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • METOP02/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • POES/SEM-2 datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • SEPEM Reference helium data set
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned GOES/SEM helium channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME ion channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME helium channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned IMP8/GME helium channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          1-10 MeV Protons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • UARS/PEM-HEPS dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • XMM/ERMD dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • SEPEM Reference proton data set
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned GOES/SEM proton channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME proton channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned IMP8/GME proton channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • SEPEM Reference helium data set
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned GOES/SEM helium channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME ion channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME helium channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw and cleaned IMP8/GME helium channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • METOP02/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Equator_S/EPI dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • ISEE1/MEPI dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • POES/SEM-2 datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • GOES-16 Radiation Environment
                                             SaRIF
                                          • GOES-15 Radiation Environment
                                             SaRIF
                                          • GOES-14 Radiation Environment
                                             SaRIF
                                          • GIOVE-A Radiation Environment
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Slot Region Radiation Environment
                                             SaRIF
                                          • MOSWOC Forecast
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Forecaster Summary
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Best Reconstruction of the Radiation Environment (GOES-15)
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Best Reconstruction of the Radiation Environment (GOES-14)
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Best Reconstruction of the Radiation Environment (GIOVE-A)
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Best Reconstruction of the Radiation Environment (slot)
                                             SaRIF
                                          • Best Reconstruction of the Radiation Environment (GOES-16)
                                             SaRIF
                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Electron flux spectra time series
                                             EPT
                                          • PROBA-V/EPT High-latitude/polar electron flux survey
                                             EPT
                                          • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Meteosat-3/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • METOP02/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • CRRES/MEA dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Equator_S/EPI dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • PROBA-1/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Integral/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • ISEE1/MEPI dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • ISEE1/KED dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • MIR/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • STRV1B/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • POES/SEM-2 datasets on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • XMM/ERMD dataset on SEDAT
                                             SEDAT
                                          • Raw GOES/SEM >2 MeV electron channel in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/CPME electron channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • Raw IMP8/GME electron channels in SEPEM
                                             SEPEM
                                          • PROBA-1/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          • Integral/SREM radiation rates
                                             SREM
                                          Thermal and Supra-thermal Electron and Ion Energy Spectra
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA
                                          • GORIZONT/ADIPE Spacecraft charging dataset
                                          • CRRES/LEPA Spacecraft charging dataset
                                          Thermal Ions Density and Temperature
                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                             AMDA

                                          Magnetospheric Environment: (Near-) Real-time Measurements

                                          Plasma Drift Velocity

                                            Magnetospheric Environment: Models and Reconstruction

                                            Geomagnetic Storm Condition
                                              Geomagnetic Indices Kp and K
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              • Most recent definitive Kp index
                                                 GFZ
                                              Geomagnetic Index Ap and A
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              Geomagnetic Index Dst
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                              • PROBA-V/EPT Proton flux geographical maps
                                                 EPT
                                              • PROBA-V/EPT SAA proton energy spectrum characterisation
                                                 EPT
                                              • Static radiation model of energetic protons at LEO
                                                 EPT
                                              • SEPEM Reference event list
                                                 SEPEM
                                              • SPENVIS Standard radiation belt models
                                              • SPENVIS IRENE Radiation belt models
                                              • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                              • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                              • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                              • Very high-energy solar energetic proton fluence
                                              • Very high-energy solar energetic proton peak flux
                                              High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                              • PROBA-V/EPT Helium flux geographical maps
                                                 EPT
                                              • PROBA-V/EPT SAA helium energy spectrum characterisation
                                                 EPT
                                              • Static radiation model of energetic helium ions at LEO
                                                 EPT
                                              • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                              • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                              • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                              • High-energy solar heavy ion fluence model
                                              1-10 MeV Protons
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              • SEPEM Reference event list
                                                 SEPEM
                                              • SPENVIS Standard radiation belt models
                                              • SPENVIS IRENE Radiation belt models
                                              • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                              1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                              • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                              0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              • PROBA-V/EPT Electron flux geographical maps
                                                 EPT
                                              • PROBA-V/EPT Auroral electron energy spectrum characterisation
                                                 EPT
                                              • Static radiation model of energetic electrons at LEO
                                                 EPT
                                              • SPENVIS Standard radiation belt models
                                              • SPENVIS IRENE Radiation belt models
                                              • SPENVIS Internal deep dielectric charging
                                              Thermal and Supra-thermal Electron and Ion Energy Spectra
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              • SWIFF Plasmasphere Model (SPM)
                                                 SPM
                                              • SPENVIS Surface charging environment characteristics
                                              • Electron population model at GEO
                                                 MSSL
                                              • Electron population model at MEO
                                                 MSSL
                                              • Electron population model at LEO
                                                 MSSL
                                              Thermal Ions Density and Temperature
                                              • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                 AMDA
                                              • SPENVIS Surface charging environment characteristics

                                              Thermospheric and Atmospheric Conditions: Data Archives

                                              Local External Magnetic Field on Ground
                                              • Horizontal magnetic rate of change (UK)
                                                 BGS
                                              • dMag/dt
                                              • Magnetogrammes from North(West) Europe and Greenland

                                              Thermospheric and Atmospheric Conditions: Models and Reconstruction

                                              Local External Magnetic Field on Ground

                                                Spacecraft Effects and Anomalies: Data Archives

                                                Anomalies on Spacecraft Equipment
                                                  Orbital Data of Spacecraft Carrying Space Weather Instruments

                                                    Spacecraft Effects and Anomalies: (Near-) Real-time Measurements

                                                    Spacecraft Radiation Monitors
                                                    • Radiation environment inside ISS
                                                    • PROBA-1/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                       SEDAT
                                                    • Integral/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                       SEDAT
                                                    • PROBA-1/SREM radiation rates
                                                       SREM
                                                    • Integral/SREM radiation rates
                                                       SREM
                                                    Spacecraft Housekeeping Telemetry

                                                      Spacecraft Effects and Anomalies: Models and Reconstruction

                                                      Anomalies on Spacecraft Equipment
                                                      • SPENVIS Short-term SEU rates and LET spectra
                                                      • SPENVIS Long-term SEUs and LET spectra
                                                      • SPENVIS Particle/wall interaction models
                                                      Orbital Data of Spacecraft Carrying Space Weather Instruments

                                                        SPENVIS (Space Environment Information System) is a web-based interface for assessing the space environment and its effects on spacecraft systems and crews. The system is used for mission analysis and planning. SPENVIS includes several empirical models of the space environment covering mainly cosmic rays, solar energetic particles, the natural radiation belts, magnetic fields, space plasmas and the upper atmosphere. A range of engineering models are also available to help assess the effects of the space environment on spacecraft such as surface and internal charging, energy deposition, solar cell damage and SEU rates. Usually these later models take their inputs from the empirical models present in SPENVIS. The system also includes extensive background information on the space environment, the environment models and the related standards.

                                                        SEPEM (Solar Energetic Particle Environment Modelling) is a WWW interface to solar energetic particle data and a range of modelling tools and functionalities intended to support space mission design. The system provides an implementation of several well known modelling methodologies, built on cleaned datasets. It also gives the user increased flexibility in his/her analysis and allows generation of mission integrated fluence statistics, peak flux statistics and other functionalities. It also integrates effects tools that calculate single event upset rates and radiation doses for a variety of scenarios.

                                                        SWE Data is a web application that provides access to a wide range of Space Weather related data sources covering the areas of the spacecraft, ionospheric, and ground effects. SWE Data allows the user to access all data contained in the repository providing analysis and visualisation tools from these disparate sources.

                                                        The AMDA system provides an archive of planetary, solar wind, Earth magnetosphere and ionosphere mission and ground based products. In addition it supports a range of standard models such as magnetic footprints, magnetic fields, solar wind propagation to planets and probes as well as access to external databases of observations and simulations. A key functionality of the system is its embedded plotting, data mining and cataloguing functionalities which are extremely useful in relation to posteriori analysis.

                                                        No alerts are associated with this service.

                                                        This section provides links to web pages or resources that are not part of the ESA Space Weather Service Network or esa.int domain.  These sites are not under ESA control, and therefore ESA is not responsible for any of the information or links that you may find there. 

                                                        Reference documents

                                                        • Directive 2013/59/Euratom Basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.
                                                        • ECSS-E-ST-10-04C Space environment (15 June 2020)
                                                        • ECSS-E-ST-10-12C Method for the calculation of radiation received and its effects, and a policy for design margins (issued on 15 November 2008)
                                                        • ECSS-E-HB-10-12A Calculation of radiation and its effects and margin policy handbook (issued on 17 December 2010)
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