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Human Spaceflight - Cumulative crew radiation exposure


The accumulated dose inside a human phantom as measured
by the MTR-2B Mathroshka experiment inside the International
Space Station from 18 October 2007 until 18 March 2009.


The service "Human Spaceflight: Cumulative crew radiation exposure" aims to provide an estimate of the past radiation dose accumulated by a person in space. Radiation environments considered include Earth's radiation belts, galactic cosmic rays, and solar energetic particles. This service is made possible by maintaining accurate records of local area radiation fluxes combined with spacecraft and human phantom shielding geometry models and onboard passive or active dosimeter data (e.g. thermoluminescent dosimeters [TLDs], tissue equivalent proportional counters [TEPCs]). The service is intended for personnel involved in providing Post Event Analysis with the reconstruction of the space particle radiation environment at a given time and location to allow the accurate evaluation of doses inside human bodies.

This service is implemented through a combination of products and tools which can be found through the following tabs along with expert support provided by the teams constituting the SWE Network. Should you require further guidance in the use of this service, or have specific questions about any aspects of the service presented here, don't hesitate to contact the Helpdesk.

A number of models and in-orbit sensor datasets are provided with the help of products and tools such as:

  • the RadSpace products providing information on the radiation environment and accumulated dose in human phantoms at ISS resulting from dedicated measurement campaigns;
  • measurements and derived data products from the Energetic Particle Telescope (EPT) on PROBA-V;
  • measurements and derived data products from the Standard Radiation Environment Monitors (SREM) on Proba-1, Integral, Rosetta, Herschel and Planck;
  • the Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS) coupling several empirical and engineering models of the space environment and its effects on spacecraft or components based on a mission plan;
  • the Solar Energetic Particle Environment Modelling application (SEPEM) allowing solar energetic particle statistical analyses on an extended set of cross-calibrated data;
  • the Space Weather Data Browsing and Analysis (SWE Data) is a web application that provides access to space weather environment data.

This service page is curated by the ESC Space Radiation. For further information, please contact SSCC Help-desk.


An astronaut on a spacewalk outside the ISS (© ESA)

Particle radiation is considered the main hazard for human spaceflight, specifically when considering a potential return trip to the Moon or interplanetary travel in general. However, even at Low Earth Orbit (LEO) like the International Space Station, particle radiation poses a risk. Information is thus needed to evaluate the possible health effects of space particle radiation on humans on short-and long-term space missions. This includes space environment data (e.g. particle radiation, solar X-ray and UV observations) and dose measurements.

The RadSpace products provide information on the radiation environment at the International Space Station (ISS) which can be harmful to the health of the ISS crewmembers. The data from the DOSIS and DOSIS 3D projects map the radiation environment inside the Columbus Laboratory based on passive and active radiation detectors. The results from the three MATROSHKA campaigns provide the depth dose distribution inside an anthropomorphic phantom using passive dosimeters.

Energetic particle flux measurements (electrons, protons and helium) from the Energetic Particle Telescope (EPT) on board PROBA-V at LEO can be accessed from the Products tab. A number of other particle radiation measurements are available through the Space Environment Data System (SEDAT) as well. Note that the particle fluxes need to be properly propagated through the Earth's magnetosphere if the user is interested in knowing the flux at a different altitude other than where the measurements were taken.

Measurements and detection of solar flares and coronal mass ejections are provided by the Solar Influences Data Analysis Center (SIDC) and the Kanzelhöhe Observatory (KSO). Archives of geomagnetic indices are available from the Tromsø Geophysical Observatory (TGO), the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) and SEDAT. A large set of measurements can also be accessed through the Space Weather Data Browsing and Analysis (SWE Data) web interface.

In order to study the specific radiation environment near and inside a spacecraft, a tool such as the Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS) could be used. This tool allows the execution of a set of space environment models based on a mission scenario (mission duration, typical spacecraft trajectories and spacecraft attitude) and to evaluate impacts and risks by propagating the results into engineering models. The tool includes graphical visualisation and an extended help with background information and references to the European standards. For a more comprehensive analysis of the space environment effects, the SPENVIS output could be exported to more specific applications, such as GRAS (Geant4 Radiation Analysis for Space) or SPIS (Spacecraft Plasma Interaction Software), that are taking into account the detailed geometry of the spacecraft.

For further information, please contact SSCC Help-desk

Solar Activity: Data Archives

Solar Flares
CMEs
  • SIDC/CACTus Automated near-real-time CME detection
Coronal Holes
  • SIDC Coronal hole detection archive
Solar Disc Magnetic Fields
    International Sunspot number
    • SIDC/SILSO Sunspot number forecast
    • SIDC/SILSO International sunspot number
    • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
       AMDA
    • R - sunspot number, archive
       SGIArv
    • SGIArv
       SGIArv
    10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)
    • SIDC 10.7cm Solar radio flux (F10.7) forecast archive
    • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
       AMDA
    • F10.7 -10.7 -cm radio flux proxy, archive
       SGIArv
    • SGIArv
       SGIArv
    Solar EUV Index (S10.7)
    • S10.7 -10.7 -cm radio flux proxy for solar EUV in solar flux units, archive
       SGIArv
    • SGIArv
       SGIArv
    Solar EUV Index (E10.7)
      Solar FUV Index (M10.7)
      Solar X-ray & UV Index (Y10.7)
      Ionospheric Index (IG12)
      • IG12 - 12-month-running mean of the ionospheric IG index, archive
         SGIArv
      • SGIArv
         SGIArv
      EUV Images of Sun
      • Proba2/SWAP Active region annotated image archive
      • Proba2/SWAP Level 0 quicklook image archive
      • Proba2/SWAP Media level image archive
      • SDO/AIA Solar EUV image archive
      White Light Solar Imaging
      • INAF/OACT White light Solar images archive
      • UGraz/KSO White light Solar images archive
      • SIDC/USET White light Solar images archive
      Soft X-ray Images of the Sun
        Solar EUV Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
          Solar Coronagraphic Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
            White-light wide-angle Coronagraph Images
              Solar X-ray Flux
              • Proba2/LYRA Rescaled data archive
              • GOES/SEM X-Ray Sensor datasets on SEDAT
                 SEDAT
              Solar EUV Integrated Flux
              • Proba2/LYRA Data archive
              • Proba2/LYRA Rescaled data archive
              Solar UV Flux

              Solar Activity: (Near-) Real-time Measurements

              Solar Disc Magnetic Fields
                10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)

                  Solar Activity: Models and Reconstruction

                  Solar Flares
                    CMEs
                      Coronal Holes
                        Solar Disc Magnetic Fields
                          International Sunspot number
                          • SIDC/SILSO International sunspot number
                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                             AMDA
                          10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)
                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                             AMDA
                          Solar EUV Index (S10.7)
                            Solar EUV Index (E10.7)
                              Solar FUV Index (M10.7)
                                Solar X-ray & UV Index (Y10.7)
                                  Ionospheric Index (IG12)
                                    EUV Images of Sun
                                      White Light Solar Imaging
                                        Soft X-ray Images of the Sun
                                          Solar EUV Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
                                            Solar Coronagraphic Images Outside of Sun-Earth Line
                                              White-light wide-angle Coronagraph Images
                                                Solar X-ray Flux
                                                  Solar EUV Integrated Flux
                                                    Solar UV Flux

                                                      Interplanetary Medium at L1: Data Archives

                                                      High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • ACE/SIS dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                                      • Raw ACE/SIS data in SEPEM
                                                      1-10 MeV Protons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Raw ACE/SEPICA data in SEPEM
                                                      1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                                      • Raw ACE/SEPICA data in SEPEM
                                                      0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                                      • Raw ACE/SEPICA data in SEPEM
                                                      2-50 MeV Solar Electrons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Raw ACE/EPAM ions, e, He, O, Fe channels in SEPEM
                                                      Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF)
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • IMF - Interplanetary magnetic field, archive
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • SGIArv
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      Solar Wind Bulk Velocity
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [WSA-Enlil]
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [ESWF]
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [STA+CH]
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      Solar Wind Bulk Density
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Earth [WSA-Enlil]
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA

                                                      Interplanetary Medium at L1: Models and Reconstruction

                                                      High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                                      • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                                      • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                                      • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                                      • Very high-energy solar energetic proton fluence
                                                      • Very high-energy solar energetic proton peak flux
                                                      • Solar very high-energy particle event catalogue
                                                      • Statistical long-term plasma products - L1 p>10MeV
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                                      • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                                      • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      1-10 MeV Protons
                                                      • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      2-50 MeV Solar Electrons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF)
                                                      • Statistical long-term plasma products - IMF Bx
                                                      • Statistical long-term plasma products - IMF By
                                                      • Statistical long-term plasma products - IMF Bz
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      Solar Wind Bulk Velocity
                                                      • Statistical long-term plasma products - Solar Wind Speed
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      Solar Wind Bulk Density
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA

                                                      Interplanetary Medium Outside L1: Data Archives

                                                      Solar Energetic Particle Events
                                                      • Rosetta/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • Herschel/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • Planck/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • HELIOS-A and HELIOS-B E6 and E7 datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Rosetta/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Herschel/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Planck/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Raw HELIOS1/E7 and HELIOS2/E7 data in SEPEM
                                                      Interplanetary Medium Data
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Mars [WSA-Enlil]
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Mercury [WSA-Enlil]
                                                      • Archive - Solar wind model for Venus [WSA-Enlil]
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • AMPTE-UKS dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • HELIOS-A and HELIOS-B E6 and E7 datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT

                                                      Interplanetary Medium Outside L1: Models and Reconstruction

                                                      Solar Energetic Particle Events
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      Interplanetary Medium Data
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA

                                                      Magnetospheric Environment: Data Archives

                                                      Geomagnetic Storm Condition
                                                      • Swarm Polar Electrojet (PEJ)
                                                         SUA
                                                      • Swarm Field-Aligned Current (FAC)
                                                         SUA
                                                      Geomagnetic Indices Kp and K
                                                      • Kp - planetary three-hour magnetic index, archive
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • SGIArv
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • Short term (1 hour) Kp forecast
                                                         TGO
                                                      • Kp and Ap index archive
                                                         GFZ
                                                      • Forecast of Kp archive
                                                         IRF
                                                      • Provisional AA indices
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Kp, K, Ap, A, Dst archives on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      Geomagnetic Index Ap and A
                                                      • Ap - planetary daily magnetic index, archive
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • SGIArv
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • 27 day global forecast issued every 24 hours
                                                         TGO
                                                      • Kp and Ap index archive
                                                         GFZ
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Kp, K, Ap, A, Dst archives on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      Geomagnetic Index Dst
                                                      • Dst - Disturbance storm time index, archive
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • SGIArv
                                                         SGIArv
                                                      • Forecast of Dst archive
                                                         IRF
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • Kp, K, Ap, A, Dst archives on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                                      • PROBA-V/EPT Proton flux spectra time series
                                                         EPT
                                                      • PROBA-1/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • Integral/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • UARS/PEM-HEPS dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • PROBA-1/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Integral/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • MIR/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • STRV1B/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • XMM/ERMD dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • SEPEM Reference proton data set
                                                      • Cleaned GOES/SEM proton channels in SEPEM
                                                      High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • PROBA-V/EPT Helium flux spectra time series
                                                         EPT
                                                      • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • METOP02/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • POES/SEM-2 datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Raw IMP8/CPME ion channels in SEPEM
                                                      1-10 MeV Protons
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • UARS/PEM-HEPS dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • XMM/ERMD dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • SEPEM Reference proton data set
                                                      • Cleaned GOES/SEM proton channels in SEPEM
                                                      1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • AZUR/EI-88 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Raw IMP8/CPME ion channels in SEPEM
                                                      0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • METOP02/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Equator_S/EPI dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • ISEE1/MEPI dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • POES/SEM-2 datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                                      • PROBA-V/EPT Electron flux spectra time series
                                                         EPT
                                                      • PROBA-1/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • Integral/SREM radiation rates
                                                         SREM
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      • GOES/SEM-EPS datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Meteosat-3/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • METOP02/SEM2 dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • CRRES/MEA dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Equator_S/EPI dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • PROBA-1/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Integral/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • IMP-8/CPME and CRNC datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • ISEE1/MEPI dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • ISEE1/KED dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • MIR/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • STRV1B/REM dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • POES/SEM-2 datasets on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • XMM/ERMD dataset on SEDAT
                                                         SEDAT
                                                      • Raw IMP8/CPME electron channels in SEPEM
                                                      Thermal and Supra-thermal Electron and Ion Energy Spectra
                                                      • GORIZONT/ADIPE Spacecraft charging dataset
                                                      • CRRES/LEPA Spacecraft charging dataset
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA
                                                      Thermal Ions Density and Temperature
                                                      • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                         AMDA

                                                      Magnetospheric Environment: (Near-) Real-time Measurements

                                                      Plasma Drift Velocity

                                                        Magnetospheric Environment: Models and Reconstruction

                                                        Geomagnetic Storm Condition
                                                          Geomagnetic Indices Kp and K
                                                          • Most recent definitive Kp index
                                                             GFZ
                                                          • Provisional AA indices
                                                          • Provisional AA indices
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          Geomagnetic Index Ap and A
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          Geomagnetic Index Dst
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          High Energy >10 MeV Protons
                                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Proton flux geographical maps
                                                             EPT
                                                          • PROBA-V/EPT SAA proton energy spectrum characterisation
                                                             EPT
                                                          • Static radiation model of energetic protons at LEO
                                                          • SEPEM Reference event list
                                                          • SPENVIS Standard radiation belt models
                                                          • SPENVIS IRENE Radiation belt models
                                                          • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                                          • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                                          • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                                          • Very high-energy solar energetic proton fluence
                                                          • Very high-energy solar energetic proton peak flux
                                                          High Energy >10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Helium flux geographical maps
                                                             EPT
                                                          • PROBA-V/EPT SAA helium energy spectrum characterisation
                                                             EPT
                                                          • Static radiation model of energetic helium ions at LEO
                                                          • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                                          • SPENVIS Long-term solar particle models
                                                          • SPENVIS Galactic cosmic ray models
                                                          • High-energy solar heavy ion fluence model
                                                          1-10 MeV Protons
                                                          • SPENVIS Standard radiation belt models
                                                          • SPENVIS IRENE Radiation belt models
                                                          • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          • SEPEM Reference event list
                                                          1-10 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                          • SPENVIS Short-term solar particle models
                                                          0.03-1 MeV/nuc Ions
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
                                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Electron flux geographical maps
                                                             EPT
                                                          • PROBA-V/EPT Auroral electron energy spectrum characterisation
                                                             EPT
                                                          • Static radiation model of energetic electrons at LEO
                                                          • SPENVIS Standard radiation belt models
                                                          • SPENVIS IRENE Radiation belt models
                                                          • SPENVIS Internal deep dielectric charging
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          Thermal and Supra-thermal Electron and Ion Energy Spectra
                                                          • SWIFF Plasmasphere Model (SPM)
                                                             SPM
                                                          • SPENVIS Surface charging environment characteristics
                                                          • Electron population model at GEO
                                                             MSSL
                                                          • Electron population model at MEO
                                                             MSSL
                                                          • Electron population model at LEO
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          Thermal Ions Density and Temperature
                                                          • Automated Multi Dataset Analysis (AMDA)
                                                             AMDA
                                                          • SPENVIS Surface charging environment characteristics

                                                          Thermospheric and Atmospheric Conditions: Data Archives

                                                          Local External Magnetic Field on Ground

                                                            Thermospheric and Atmospheric Conditions: Models and Reconstruction

                                                            Local External Magnetic Field on Ground
                                                            • Magnetogrammes from North(west) Europe and Greenland
                                                               TGO
                                                            • Real-time and historic geomagnetic activity plots and data files for geomagnetic surveying (total field)
                                                               RESOSS
                                                            • Real-time and historic geomagnetic activity plots and data files for directional drilling (total field, declination and inclination)
                                                               RESOSS

                                                            Spacecraft Effects and Anomalies: Data Archives

                                                            Anomalies on Spacecraft Equipment
                                                              Orbital Data of Spacecraft Carrying Space Weather Instruments

                                                                Spacecraft Effects and Anomalies: (Near-) Real-time Measurements

                                                                Spacecraft Radiation Monitors
                                                                • Radiation environment inside ISS
                                                                • PROBA-1/SREM radiation rates
                                                                   SREM
                                                                • Integral/SREM radiation rates
                                                                   SREM
                                                                • PROBA-1/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                                   SEDAT
                                                                • Integral/SREM dataset on SEDAT
                                                                   SEDAT
                                                                Spacecraft Housekeeping Telemetry

                                                                  Spacecraft Effects and Anomalies: Models and Reconstruction

                                                                  Anomalies on Spacecraft Equipment
                                                                  • SPENVIS Short-term SEU rates and LET spectra
                                                                  • SPENVIS Long-term SEUs and LET spectra
                                                                  • SPENVIS Particle/wall interaction models
                                                                  Orbital Data of Spacecraft Carrying Space Weather Instruments

                                                                    SPENVIS (Space Environment Information System) is a web-based interface for assessing the space environment and its effects on spacecraft systems and crews. The system is used for mission analysis and planning. SPENVIS includes several empirical models of the space environment covering mainly cosmic rays, solar energetic particles, the natural radiation belts, magnetic fields, space plasmas and the upper atmosphere. A range of engineering models are also available to help assess the effects of the space environment on spacecraft such as surface and internal charging, energy deposition, solar cell damage and SEU rates. Usually these later models take their inputs from the empirical models present in SPENVIS. The system also includes extensive background information on the space environment, the environment models and the related standards.

                                                                    SEPEM (Solar Energetic Particle Environment Modelling) is a WWW interface to solar energetic particle data and a range of modelling tools and functionalities intended to support space mission design. The system provides an implementation of several well known modelling methodologies, built on cleaned datasets. It also gives the user increased flexibility in his/her analysis and allows generation of mission integrated fluence statistics, peak flux statistics and other functionalities. It also integrates effects tools that calculate single event upset rates and radiation doses for a variety of scenarios.

                                                                    SWE Data is a web application that provides access to a wide range of Space Weather related data sources covering the areas of the spacecraft, ionospheric, and ground effects. SWE Data allows the user to access all data contained in the repository providing analysis and visualisation tools from these disparate sources.

                                                                    The AMDA system provides an archive of planetary, solar wind, Earth magnetosphere and ionosphere mission and ground based products. In addition it supports a range of standard models such as magnetic footprints, magnetic fields, solar wind propagation to planets and probes as well as access to external databases of observations and simulations. A key functionality of the system is its embedded plotting, data mining and cataloguing functionalities which are extremely useful in relation to posteriori analysis.

                                                                    No alerts are associated with this service.

                                                                    This section provides links to web pages or resources that are not part of the SSA Space Weather Network or esa.int domain.  These sites are not under ESA control, and therefore ESA is not responsible for any of the information or links that you may find there. 

                                                                    Reference documents

                                                                    • Directive 2013/59/Euratom Basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.
                                                                    • ECSS-E-ST-10-04C Space environment (15 November 2008)
                                                                    • ECSS-E-ST-10-12C Method for the calculation of radiation received and its effects, and a policy for design margins (issued on 15 November 2008)
                                                                    • ECSS-E-HB-10-12A Calculation of radiation and its effects and margin policy handbook (issued on 17 December 2010)