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ESA SSA SWE Service Page Mockup: GEN/for

General Data Services - Forecast and nowcast service


Forecast of 30-minute maximum local dB/dt (horizontal component) at selected locations (red dots).
The forecasts are driven by SWPC RT solar wind data.
The marked region shows interpolated values with colours according to the colour bar in units of nT/min.

Data lies at the heart of ESA SSA's Space Weather activities. Many of the user requirements and components to be delivered as part of the SWE segment make reference to requirements on the availability of and access to nowcasting and forecasting data. This includes real-time and near-real-time delivery of measurement and modelling data.

The General Forecast service provides access to the nowcasting and forecasting data included in the ESA SSA SWE service network.

This service is implemented through a combination of products, tools and alerts which can be found through the following tabs along with expert support provided by the teams constituting the SWE Network. Should you require further guidance in the use of this service, or have specific questions about any aspects of the service presented here, don't hesitate to contact the Helpdesk.


The service is implemented through the following set of assets::

  • The Solar Influences Data analysis Centre (SIDC) provides products such as Solar EUV images, International sunspot number, Solar flare forecast, etc.
  • IRF, by the Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF Lund), provides forecast of Kp, Dst and sB/dt
  • A-EFFort is a product from the Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics (Academy of Athens). It provides 24hr forecast of major solar flares.
  • The German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) provides data on the Kp index as well as products from the Swarm satellite mission;
  • The SWIFF Plasmasphere Model (SPM) dynamical simulation provides the number density and temperatures of the electrons as a function of time;
  • Real-Time Ionosphere Monitor (RTIM) provided by the Norwegian Mapping Authority (NMA);
  • European Ionosonde Service (EIS) provided by National Observatory of Athens (NOA);
  • Swarm Utilisation Analysis (SUA) provided by GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences;
  • Geomagnetically Induced Currents nowcast by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI);
  • The Empirical Solar Wind Forecast (ESWF), by the University of Graz, uses an empirical relation to derive the solar wind speed at Earth distance.

All data and service products contributing to the General forecast service can be accessed from the product catalogue matrix in the "Products" tab. These products are ordered and categorised as per the ESA product specification documents according to the physical domain and product types.

User help and guidelines for each of the individual products can be accessed through the Help entry within the individual product page.

Solar Data

Solar Flares
  • UGraz/KSO Latest Solar flare detections
  • SIDC Latest Solar flare forecast
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • A-EFFort Solar flare forecast
  • Flarecast Solar flare forecast
  • UKMO Latest Solar flare forecast
CMEs
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • SIDC/CACTus Automated near-real-time CME detection
Coronal Holes
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
International Sunspot number
10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)
  • SIDC Latest 10.7cm Solar radio flux (F10.7) forecast
  • F107_NMH_esforc
     FORIND
  • F107_SWPC_forecast
     FORIND
  • F107_SWPC_forecast_27DO
     FORIND
  • F107_SWPC_forecast_45DF
     FORIND
  • F107_CLS_absolute_forecast
     FORIND
  • F107_CLS_adjusted_forecast
     FORIND
Ionospheric Index (IG12)
EUV Images of Sun
  • Proba2/SWAP Latest active region annotated image
Solar X-ray Flux
  • Proba2/LYRA Rescaled latest data
Sunspot Group Data
  • Proba2/SWAP Latest active region annotated image
Radio Burst Detection
  • SIDC Latest automated Solar radio burst detections

Data on the interplanetary medium

High Energy >10 MeV Protons
Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF)
Solar Wind Bulk Velocity
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • Near-Earth solar wind forecasts (WSA-Enlil + Ensemble)
  • Near-Earth NRT solar wind (DSCOVR)
     SW/L1
  • Near-Earth CME arrival predictions (WSA-Enlil + Ensemble)
  • Empirical solar wind speed forecast
     ESWF
  • Solar wind speed forecast (STEREO-A persistence model)
     STA+CH
Solar Wind Bulk Density
  • Near-Earth solar wind forecasts (WSA-Enlil + Ensemble)
Solar Wind Temperature
Solar Energetic Particle Events
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
Interplanetary Medium Data
CME propagation forecast
  • Near-Earth CME arrival predictions (WSA-Enlil + Ensemble)
  • CME near-Earth arrival time predictions (DBM)
     DBM
  • Heliospheric propagation tool
  • Heliospheric solar wind forecasts for Mars
  • Heliospheric solar wind forecasts for Mercury
  • Heliospheric solar wind forecasts for Venus
  • CME arrival time predictions (DBEM)
     DBEM
  • H-ESC product assessment report

Data for the Earth Magnetosphere and Radiation Belt

Geomagnetic Storm Condition
  • Swarm Polar Electrojet (PEJ)
     SUA
  • SolarHoldover
     UAH
Geomagnetic Indices Kp and K
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • Provisional K-indices from Northwest Europe
     TGO
  • Short term (1 hour) Kp forecast
     TGO
  • Quicklook Kp index
     GFZ
  • Kp and Ap index on tabular form
     GFZ
  • Forecast of Kp
     IRF
  • Kp_GFZ_nowcast
     FORIND
  • Kp_NMH_nowcast
     FORIND
  • Kp_SWPC_forecast_geomag
     FORIND
  • Kp_SWPC_WingKp_forecast_1h
     FORIND
  • Kp_SWPC_WingKp_forecast_4h
     FORIND
  • Kp_SWPC_forecast_27DO
     FORIND
Geomagnetic Index Ap and A
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • 27 day global forecast issued every 24 hours
     TGO
  • Kp and Ap index on tabular form
     GFZ
  • ap_NMH_nowcast
     FORIND
  • ap_GFZ_nowcast
     FORIND
  • Ap_NMH_nowcast
     FORIND
  • Ap_SWPC_nowcast_geomag
     FORIND
  • Ap_GFZ_nowcast
     FORIND
  • Ap_NMH_esforc
     FORIND
  • Ap_SWPC_forecast_geomag
     FORIND
  • Ap_SWPC_forecast_27DO
     FORIND
  • Ap_SWPC_forecast_45DF
     FORIND
  • ap_NMH_forecast
     FORIND
Geomagnetic Index Dst
  • COMESEP Geomagnetic storm forecast
  • Forecast of Dst
     IRF
  • DST_nowcast
     FORIND
  • DST_IRF_forecast
     FORIND
High Energy >10 MeV Protons
30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
Thermal and Supra-thermal Electron and Ion Energy Spectra
  • SWIFF Plasmasphere model (SPM)
     SPM
AZ index
  • Geomagnetic activity index for auroral zone (AZ), last 33 days
     TGO
  • 27 day local forecast issued every 24 hours
  • Next 24 hours and next 24-48 hours local forecast issued every hour
Local geomagnetic forecast
  • Short term (1 hour) local geomagnetic forecast
     TGO

Data on the Earth Ionosphere and Thermosphere

Vertical Total Electron Content Map
  • TEC map (Europe), current
     IMPC
  • TEC map (Europe), 1hr forecast
     IMPC
  • TEC map (Global), current
     IMPC
  • TEC map (Global), 1hr forecast
     IMPC
  • VTEC maps (Northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • IONMON TEC maps
     IONMON
  • Near-real-time TEC maps for the European region
     EIS
  • TEC and Err(TEC) nowcast modelled maps
     ISM
  • TEC and Err(TEC) 6-hour forecast modelled maps
     ISM
  • TEC and Err(TEC) nowcast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • TEC and Err(TEC) 6h forecast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
URSI Ionospheric Parameters
  • European maps of foF2 long term predictions
     EIS
  • Nowcast European maps of foF2
     EIS
  • Maps of forecasted foF2 over Europe for the next 24 hours
     EIS
  • Forecasted foF2 values for the next 24 hours over each ionosonde
     EIS
Neutral Density in Thermosphere
  • Total Density 1-3 Day Forecast
     ATMDEN
  • Total Density 1-27 Day Forecast
     ATMDEN
  • Total Density Prior Estimate
     ATMDEN
Scintillation Indices and Parameters
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Kiruna
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Neustrelitz
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Svalbard
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Tenerife
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Toulouse
     IMPC
  • S4 maps (Northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • σφ maps (Northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • S4 and Err(S4) nowcast modelled maps
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) nowcast modelled maps
     ISM
  • S4 and Err(S4) 6-hour forecast modelled maps
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) 6-hour forecast modelled maps
     ISM
  • S4 and Err(S4) nowcast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) nowcast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • S4 and Err(S4) 6h forecast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) 6h forecast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • S4 observed map as quality data for ISM S4 nowcast modelled maps
  • SigmaPhi observed map as quality data for ISM SigmaPhi nowcast modelled maps
Ionospheric Disturbances
  • Equivalent slab thickness, Juliusruh
     IMPC
  • Equivalent slab thickness, Pruhonice
     IMPC
  • ROTI maps for Europe
     IMPC
  • GIVE maps (Northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • ROTI maps (Northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • ROTI@Ground maps (Fennoscandia)
     RTIM
  • Alerts for ionospheric disturbances in the European sector
     EIS
  • Current ionospheric conditions at each ionosonde location
     EIS
  • SISTED
     IonSAT
  • SOLERA-drift
     IonSAT
  • SOLERA
     IonSAT
  • SISTED_WARN
     IonSAT
  • SOLERA_WARN
     IonSAT
  • ROTI at ground time series (Selected locations in northern Europe)
  • Swarm Rate Of change of TEC (ROT)
     SUA
  • Swarm Ionospheric Bubble Index (IBI)
     SUA

Data on the Earth Atmosphere and Geomagnetic Environment

Auroral Visible Imaging
  • Aurora forecast service
     FMI
Local External Magnetic Field on Ground
  • Magnetogrammes from North(west) Europe and Greenland
     TGO
  • Forecasts of dB/dt
     IRF
  • Real-time and historic geomagnetic activity plots and data files for geomagnetic surveying (total field)
     RESOSS
  • Real-time and historic geomagnetic activity plots and data files for directional drilling (total field, declination and inclination)
     RESOSS
  • LDiñ
     UAH
Local Geomagnetic Induced Geoelectric Field
  • Maps for power and pipeline operators
     FMI
  • Table of modelled GIC
     FMI
  • Pipe-to-soil voltage (PSV)
     FMI
  • LCiñ
     UAH

Data for other Planets

Microparticle Environment Data

Spacecraft Data

Dose at Aircraft Altitudes

Alert products

All Quiet Alert
  • SIDC Latest All quiet alert
End-of-quiet Alert
  • SIDC Latest All quiet alert
Solar Flare Detection
  • UGraz/KSO Latest Solar flare alert
  • SIDC Latest Solar GOES-flare alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
Solar Flare Detection and Location
  • UGraz/KSO Latest Solar flare alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
CME Onset
  • SIDC/CACTus Latest automated halo CME alert
  • Near-Earth CME arrival predictions (WSA-Enlil + Ensemble)
  • H-ESC product assessment report
Halo CME Onset
  • SIDC/CACTus Latest automated halo CME alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
CIR Alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
  • Automated WARnings of Earth arrivals
     AWARE
  • Automated WARnings of STEREO-A arrivals
Solar Particle Event Onset
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
Geomagnetic Storm Warning / Solar Wind Shock Arrival
  • Near-Earth space weather notifications
  • Automated WARnings of Earth arrivals
     AWARE
  • Automated WARnings of STEREO-A arrivals
Geomagnetic Storm Onset
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
  • E-mail alerts for geomagnetic disturbances
     RESOSS
Ionospheric Disturbance Detection
  • Alerts for ionospheric disturbances in the European sector
     EIS
Ground Level Enhancement Detection

SWE Data is a web application that provides access to a wide range of Space Weather related data sources covering the areas of the spacecraft, ionospheric, and ground effects. SWE Data allows the user to access all data contained in the repository providing analysis and visualisation tools from these disparate sources.

For alerts please consult the general alert service (GEN/alm).

This section provides links to web pages or resources that are not part of the SSA Space Weather Network or esa.int domain. These sites are not under ESA control, and therefore ESA is not responsible for any of the information or links that you may find there.