Web Content Display Web Content Display
ESA SSA SWE Service Page Mockup: GEN/for

General Data Services - Forecast and nowcast service

Data lies at the heart of ESA SSA's Space Weather activities. Many of the user requirements and components to be delivered as part of the SWE segment make reference to requirements on the availability of and access to nowcasting and forecasting data. This includes real-time and near-real-time delivery of measurement and modelling data.

The General Forecast service provides access to the nowcasting and forecasting data included in the ESA SSA SWE service network.

This service is implemented through a combination of products, tools and alerts which can be found through the following tabs along with expert support provided by the teams constituting the SWE Network. Should you require further guidance in the use of this service, or have specific questions about any aspects of the service presented here, don't hesitate to contact the Helpdesk.

All data and service products contributing to the General forecast service can be accessed from the product catalogue matrix in the "Products" tab. These products are ordered and categorised as per the ESA product specification documents according to the physical domain and product types.

User help and guidelines for each of the individual products can be accessed through the Help entry within the individual product page.

Solar Data

Solar Flares
  • UGraz/KSO Latest Solar flare detections
  • SIDC Latest Solar flare forecast
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • A-EFFort Solar flare forecast
CMEs
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • SIDC/CACTus Automated near real time CME detection
Coronal Holes
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
International Sunspot number
  • SIDC/SILSO International sunspot number
10.7cm Solar Radio Flux (F10.7)
  • SIDC Latest 10.7cm Solar radio flux (F10.7) forecast
EUV Images of Sun
  • Proba2/SWAP Latest active region annotated image
Solar X-ray Flux
  • Proba2/LYRA Rescaled latest data
Sunspot Group Data
  • Proba2/SWAP Latest active region annotated image
Radio Burst Detection
  • SIDC Latest automated Solar radio burst detections

Data on the interplanetary medium

High Energy >10 MeV Protons
  • Near-Earth NRT energetic particles (GOES)
     SELSWE
Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF)
  • Near-Earth NRT solar wind (DSCOVR)
     SELSWE
Solar Wind Bulk Velocity
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • Near-Earth solar wind forecasts (WSA-Enlil)
     SELSWE
  • Near-Earth NRT solar wind (DSCOVR)
     SELSWE
  • Near-Earth CME arrival time predictions (WSA-Enlil)
     SELSWE
  • Empirical solar wind speed forecast
     ESWF
Solar Wind Bulk Density
  • Near-Earth solar wind forecasts (WSA-Enlil)
     SELSWE
  • Near-Earth NRT solar wind (DSCOVR)
     SELSWE
Solar Wind Temperature
  • Near-Earth NRT solar wind (DSCOVR)
     SELSWE
Solar Energetic Particle Events
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
Interplanetary Medium Data
  • Heliospheric solar wind forecasts
     HELSWE
CME propagation forecast
  • Near-Earth CME arrival time predictions (WSA-Enlil)
     SELSWE
  • Heliospheric CME arrival time predictions
     HELSWE
  • Heliospheric space weather alerts
     HELSWE

Data for the Earth Magnetosphere and Radiation Belt

Geomagnetic Storm Condition
  • Swarm Polar Electrojet (PEJ)
     SUA
Geomagnetic Indices Kp and K
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • Provisional K-indices from Northwest Europe
     TGO
  • Short term (1 hour) Kp forecast
     TGO
  • Quicklook Kp index
     GFZ
  • Kp and Ap index on tabular form
     GFZ
Geomagnetic Index Ap and A
  • SIDC Latest daily space weather bulletin
  • 27 day global forecast issued every 24 hours
     TGO
  • Kp and Ap index on tabular form
     GFZ
Geomagnetic Index Dst
  • COMESEP Geomagnetic storm forecast
High Energy >10 MeV Protons
30 keV-8 MeV Electrons
  • Near-Earth NRT energetic particles (GOES)
     SELSWE
Thermal and Supra-thermal Electron and Ion Energy Spectra
  • Plasmasphere electron density distribution model
AZ index
  • Geomagnetic activity index for auroral zone (AZ), last 33 days
     TGO
  • 27 day local forecast issued every 24 hours
  • Next 24 hours and next 24-48 hours local forecast issued every hour
Local geomagnetic forecast
  • Short term (1 hour) local geomagnetic forecast
     TGO

Data on the Earth Ionosphere and Thermosphere

Vertical Total Electron Content Map
  • TEC map (Europe), current
     IMPC
  • TEC map (Europe), 1hr forecast
     IMPC
  • TEC map (Global), current
     IMPC
  • TEC map (Global), 1hr forecast
     IMPC
  • VTEC maps (northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • IONMON TEC maps
     IONMON
  • Near real-time TEC maps for the European region
     EIS
  • TEC and Err(TEC) nowcast modelled maps
     ISM
  • TEC and Err(TEC) 6-hour forecast modelled maps
     ISM
  • TEC and Err(TEC) nowcast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • TEC and Err(TEC) 6h forecast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
URSI Ionospheric Parameters
  • European maps of foF2 long term predictions
     EIS
  • Nowcast European maps of foF2
     EIS
  • Maps of forecasted foF2 over Europe for the next 24 hours
     EIS
  • Forecasted foF2 values for the next 24 hours over each ionosonde
     EIS
Scintillation Indices and Parameters
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Kiruna
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Neustrelitz
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Svalbard
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Tenerife
     IMPC
  • Local scintillation indices S4 & σφ Toulouse
     IMPC
  • S4 maps (northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • σφ maps (northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • S4 and Err(S4) nowcast modelled maps
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) nowcast modelled maps
     ISM
  • S4 and Err(S4) 6-hour forecast modelled maps
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) 6-hour forecast modelled maps
     ISM
  • S4 and Err(S4) nowcast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) nowcast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • S4 and Err(S4) 6h forecast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • SigmaPhi and Err(SigmaPhi) 6h forecast modelled values at a given location
     ISM
  • S4 observed map as quality data for ISM S4 nowcast modelled maps
  • SigmaPhi observed map as quality data for ISM SigmaPhi nowcast modelled maps
Ionospheric Disturbances
  • Equivalent slab thickness, Juliusruh
     IMPC
  • Equivalent slab thickness, Pruhonice
     IMPC
  • ROTI maps for Europe
     IMPC
  • GIVE maps (northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • ROTI maps (northern Europe)
     RTIM
  • ROTI@Ground maps (Fennoscandia)
     RTIM
  • Alerts for ionospheric disturbances in the European sector
     EIS
  • Current ionospheric conditions at each ionosonde location
     EIS
  • MONITOR:SISTED
  • MONITOR:GSFLAI
  • ROTI at ground time series (selected locations in northern Europe)
     RESOSS
  • Swarm Rate Of change of TEC (ROT)
     SUA
  • Swarm Ionospheric Bubble Index (IBI)
     SUA

Data on the Earth Atmosphere and Geomagnetic Environment

Auroral Visible Imaging
  • Aurora forecast service
     FMI
Local External Magnetic Field on Ground
  • Magnetogrammes from North(west) Europe and Greenland
     TGO
  • Forecasts of dB/dt
     IRF
  • Real-time and historic geomagnetic activity plots and data files for geomagnetic surveying (total field)
     RESOSS
  • Real-time and historic geomagnetic activity plots and data files for directional drilling (total field, declination and inclination)
     RESOSS
Local Geomagnetic Induced Geoelectric Field
  • Maps for power and pipeline operators
     FMI
  • Table of modelled GIC
     FMI
  • Pipe-to-soil voltage (PSV)
     FMI

Data for other Planets

Microparticle Environment Data

Spacecraft Data

Dose at Aircraft Altitudes

Alert products

All Quiet Alert
  • SIDC Latest All quiet alert
End-of-quiet Alert
  • SIDC Latest All quiet alert
Solar Flare Detection
  • UGraz/KSO Latest Solar flare alert
  • SIDC Latest Solar GOES-flare alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
Solar Flare Detection and Location
  • UGraz/KSO Latest Solar flare alert
CME Onset
  • SIDC/CACTus Latest automated halo CME alert
  • Near-Earth CME arrival time predictions (WSA-Enlil)
     SELSWE
Halo CME Onset
  • SIDC/CACTus Latest automated halo CME alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
CIR Alert
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
  • Automated WARnings of Earth arrivals
     AWARE
Solar Particle Event Onset
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
Geomagnetic Storm Warning / Solar Wind Shock Arrival
  • Near-Earth space weather alerts
     SELSWE
  • Automated WARnings of Earth arrivals
     AWARE
Geomagnetic Storm Onset
  • SIDC Latest human moderated alert
  • E-mail alerts for geomagnetic disturbances
     RESOSS
Ionospheric Disturbance Detection
  • Alerts for ionospheric disturbances in the European sector
     EIS
Ground Level Enhancement Detection

SWE Data is a web application that provides access to a wide range of Space Weather related data sources covering the areas of the spacecraft, ionospheric, and ground effects. SWE Data allows the user to access all data contained in the repository providing analysis and visualisation tools from these disparate sources.

For alerts please consult the general alert service (GEN/alm).

This section provides links to web pages or resources that are not part of the SSA Space Weather Network or esa.int domain. These sites are not under ESA control, and therefore ESA is not responsible for any of the information or links that you may find there.