Space Weather Service for Pipelines
GIC & Ground Effects
To provide the pipeline industry with information on geomagnetic and telluric current activity and possible effects on corrosion protection systems.
Geomagnetic disturbances, produced by active space weather periods, have two major effects on pipeline performance
1. Corruption of the cathodic protection survey data
2. Reduction of the expected lifetime of the pipelines.
Geomagnetic field variations at the geomagnetic observatory closest to the pipeline location.
Geo-electric (telluric) field variations, determined by converting the magnetic field data to the electric field using one-dimensional layered earth conductivity model.
Pipe-to-soil potential difference (PSP) variations for a sample pipeline, obtained by applying the distributed source transmission line model (DSTL) for simple pre-defined pipeline topologies with the geo-electric field as a driving source.
PSP variations for user-defined pipeline topologies are also available.
Link to Project WebSite
Gas and oil pipelines are made from of steel covered with layers of special isolating coating. Through defects in the coating, the pipeline steel comes in contact with the soil, water or moist air and becomes subject to corrosion.
Corrosion is the oxidation reaction dependent on the electrochemical condition at the surface of the steel. A cathodic protection system keeps the pipeline potential with respect to the soil in a safe range from -0.85V to -1.35V to inhibit the oxidation reaction of pipeline steel.
Main problems and our solutions
1. Fluctuations of pipe-to-soil potential (PSP) on oil and gas pipelines due to geomagnetic activity have been observed by corrosion control personnel when conducting routine control surveys. The common practice was to discontinue the survey until the geomagnetic storm finished. Provision of on-line information on the current and expected geomagnetic conditions will benefit the planning and performance of cathodic protection surveys. See the short and long term forecasts of the geomagnetic conditions at different areas of Canada at http://www.spaceweather.gc.ca/.
2. PSP fluctuations due to the telluric currents constantly affect the accuracy of pipe-to soil potential measurements. Temporary surveys shutdowns cannot satisfy the more important concerns of pipeline engineers on the quality and accuracy of cathodic protection.Modelled pipe-to-soil potential difference for the pipeline measuring sites at the time of cathodic protection surveys will help in interpretation of PSP data.
3. Conditions favorable for corrosion exist, when pipe-to-soil potential difference is more positive than 0.85 V, but excessively negative (less than 1.35 V) pipe-to- soil potential causes coating damage.
Cumulative time when PSP at certain sites of pipeline was out of the cathodically-protected range will contribute to the proper evaluation of pipeline performance and expected lifetime.
Contact / Manager
Dr Larisa Trichtchenko
7 Observatory Crescent
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y3